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Corset corset woman in corset
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
EDOUARD ABADIE-LEOTARD, OF PARIS, FRANCE.

CORSET.

No. 878,446. Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Feb. 4, 1908.
Application filed January 28, 1905. Serial No. 243,163.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDOUARD ABADIE-LEOTARD, a citizen of the French Republic, residing in Paris, France, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Corsets, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to the general class of corsets and abdominal supporters, and has for its object to provide a device which shall fulfil all the requirements of such a garment or device from a rational and hygienic standpoint, and more particularly fulfil the conditions set forth by Dr. Glenard, which take in esthetic as well as hygienic considerations.

The present invention combines with a corset-proper, a belt or waist-band, so connected that each is left independent to move up and down, the corset over the belt and the belt under the corset, thus giving a degree of freedom to the wearer which is of great importance both from a hygienic and an esthetic point of view.

In the accompanying drawings, which serve to illustrate an embodiment of the invention—Figure 1 is a view of the inner face of the corset and waist-band as they appear when the corset is opened out. Fig. 2 is an exterior view of one-half of the corset, showing also a part of the waist-band projecting below the corset. Fig. 3 is an edge view of one of the spring blades and retaining loops, and the waist-band therein. Fig. 4 is a view showing the manner in which the corset is put on, the band or belt shown as fastened and the corset as still open.

The corset consists of two parts, the belt or wait-band a which is preferably of the type known as Dr. Glenard's belt, for the lower part of the abdomen, and the corset b for the upper part of the abdomen, the base of the thorax and the breast; the cut of this corset being variable in any desired manner. These two parts are connected one with the other in such a manner that their action is nevertheless isolated and their construction independent; that the waist-band is necessarily applied before the corset; that the compression which the band is intended to effect is of itself sufficient without being supplemented at its level by that of the corset, and finally that the containing action exerted by the corset, while being very exact, cannot attain the limit at which it would be prejudicial.

The method of connecting the corset with the waist-belt, the upper edge of which is covered throughout its entire periphery by the lower edge of the corset, is combined and applied in the following manner:—In order that in the movement of forward flexion of the body the corset may descend in front of the waist-band, without the junction of the waist-band with the corset impeding this descent, the connection between the waist-band and the corset is formed by means of two spring blades c arranged behind and at each side, each of them being prolonged towards the lower part by a bent arm d forming an elongated loop or slideway of at least the height of the waist-band and in which this latter is able to slide freely with cient play. These spring blades instead of being in a single piece may be articulated at the point of separation of the waist-band and corset. The loops or slideways may also be of some material other than metal, as for example leather, some flexible material, or reinferced fabric.

The principle of the connection between the waist-band and corset, which is effected indirectly owing to these spring loops in which the belt moves freely and which are only fixed to the corset by the upper part, is one of the characteristic features of the invention.

The busk e of the corset, at its lower rear part, and the catch, f of the waist-band, the front portion of which is smooth downwards, and upon which the rear and lower part of the busk rests, are combined in their reciprocal position in such a manner as to permit of the easy sliding of the former upon the latter, during the forward flexional movement of the body.

The independence of the corset and of the waist-band is not obtained alone because of the fact that the connection between them takes place merely at two points where the spring slideways separate from the corset, and by the exact adaptation of the corresponding surfaces of the corset-busk and of the waist-belt catch (the plane and smooth surface of this latter having been adapted for this purpose), but this independence is also insured by a third means which is also of great importance from the point of view of the sliding. This means consists in the substitution of a triangular piece or gore of elastic fabric for the rigid fabric of the lower edge of the corset at the two points of this edge no corresponding with each of the two front iliac ridges. These two gores g g, Figs. 2 and 4, with their bases below and apex above, owing to the extensibility that they impart to the base of the corset serve the following purposes:

  1. They attenuate the effect of the frequently painful pressure produced by rigid fabrics on these parts, which are the most projecting of the pelvis;
  2. They permit of the extension of the lower part of the corset during forward flexional movement, which movement results in increasing the diameter of the abdomen in this region; and
  3. The exact application of the base of the corset upon the portion of the waist-belt that it covers, is thereby insured.

Having thus described my invention, I claim-

  1. The combination of a corset adapted to embrace the thoracic parts, a belt adapted to embrace the abdominal parts, said corset and belt being provided, respectively, with independent fastening devices, and a connection extended between the corset and belt, for holding them in relation, said connection being adapted to permit independent movement of the belt and corset realtively one to the other both at the back and front parts of the corset.
  2. The combination, with a corset to embrace the thoracic parts, said corset being provided on its inner surface with loops, of a belt to embrace the abdominal parts, said belt being loosely threaded through and engaging said loops and provided at its end with fastening devices which are independent of the corset, the corset and belt being wholly independent of each other, both. at the back and the front, in their movements and, action in compressing the body.
  3. The combination with a corset having at its respective opposite sides triangular gores g of elastic fabric, and provided with loops d to form retainers for a waist-band, of the said band engaging loosely said loops and provided at its ends with fastening devices independent of those of the corset.
  4. A corset having on its inner face, at its respective opposite sides and at its lower edge, loops d, in combination with a broad waist-band a, loosely engaging said loops, said corset and band having each fastening devices to secure them on the body of the wearer.
  5. A corset provided at its respective sides, on its inner face, and depending below its lower edge, with loops d forming continuations of spring blades c, secured to the corset, in combination , with a relatively broad waist-band a loosely engaging said loops and having its upper edge disposed within the corset.

Id witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses. EDOUARD. ABADIE-LEOTARD.

Witnesses:
JULES ARMENGAUD, Jeune., ARCHIBALD R. BAKER.