CHAPTER V.

WRINKLES.

"THE years, like birds, have stooped to drink the brightness of her eyes, and left their footprints on the margin."

Longfellow has immortalized crow's feet by those comforting words, and makes one almost reconciled to "growing old gracefully."   Some one has said " age is resistless and wrinkles as certain as death."

Age may be resistless when numbered by years, but wrinkles are not always indicative of age.   They indicate a starved skin, the tissues emptied of their fatty substances, a condition arising from different causes.   Sleeping in badly ventilated rooms; living in rooms heated by steam, the dry cutting winds of our climate, using impure soaps or hard water, an unhappy fame of mind, tears that "beautify the heart--not the face of a woman."   All these have a tendency to cause the unwelcome little lines to put in an appearance. After the first line, the second one comes rushing in because of the worrying caused by the discovery of the first one.   The great secret of causing them to disappear is keeping cheerful and happy.

Don't allow the little things of life to annoy you.   They are not worth a wrinkle.   At an age when wrinkles come easily they are helped along so forcibly by your being irritable.   Cultivate a happy expression.   It takes off ten years of age as compared with a dissat isfied, unhappy, expression.

In this climate, with our severe winds, sudden changes of weather, and keen dry atmosphere, emollients are positively necessary.   It is said Mrs. Langtry was heart-broken at the ravages our severe climate made upon her exquisite skin and complexion, and after hunting in vain for something to stay the progress of the fine lines she saw making their appearance, she accidentally heard of a remedy used by the Persian women to ward off wrinkles, viz.: to cover the face with thin slices of raw veal.   She immediately sent for the veal and was "not at home" for the following two hours.   Since then she has been using it twice a week and finds it a very successful nourishment and tonic for the starved tissues.

Another remedy said to have been in use 3,000 years ago, but recently added to the pharmacopoeia by a Boston expert is " wool fat."   It is a yellow, greasy substance derived from the wool of sheep by steeping the clippings in hot alcohol.   When applied to the skin by rubbing, it passes directly through, and feed the tissues that have been emptied of their fatty substance. The writer of a Boston letter in speaking of it says, "An antiquated relative of mine has nearly removed from her temples the unwelcome footprints of a thousand figurative crows by six weeks' use of this marvelous unguent," and adds "it is chemically identical with an element found in the human bile and in certain vegetables such as peas and beans." It can be purchased at any drugstore and is very cheap, as yet.   As its value becomes known as a wrinkle remover, druggists may desire, to reap a harvest, and the purchaser may find a "cornered" price put upon it.   A surer way of getting the pure article is to get the wool and steep it yourself.

A cold cream made from the following recipe is excellent for the skin, will soften, whiten and cure severe cases of pimples:

1 oz. White Wax.
1 oz. Spermaceti.
1 oz. Almond Oil.
1 oz. Olive Oil.
1 oz. Benzoated Lard.
Melted together, and then beaten for one hour, or until perfectly cold and creamy.   In using it, wash the face thoroughly clean with hot water and pure soap; dry with coarse towel, gently, and while the face is still warm, apply the cream by taking a little on the hands and rubbing over face and neck for fif teen or twenty minutes, until the skin absorbs the cream partially if not entirely.   In rubbing the face always rub toward the scalp, never down or wrinkles will be added instead of removed.   Massage treatment for the face is an excellent remedy for keeping the flesh firm, fresh and young. The rubbing keeps the blood in circulation, and the tissues from becoming dry and inactive.   It is wonderful the effect rubbing has upon wrinkles.   A face quite badly seamed can be rubbed fairly smooth in twenty minutes by using some good cream.   If years of neglect have caused the wrinkles to become deep-seated and the effect is not perceptible immediately, time and persistence will surely conquer.   A mask covering face and neck is considered by many to be excellent in softening the skin, but I can not conscientiously recom mend it, as it excludes the air from the face.   It causes perspiration--which of course is whitening.   That effect can be produced without the aid of a mask by adding a quarter of an oz. of camphor gum to the recipe for cold cream just given.   Dissolve the camphor in oil before adding the other ingredients, otherwise the gum will precipitate.

In using a mask, a fine paste is made from the following:

The white of one egg.
One tablespoonful of honey.
Ground Barley, enough to make paste.

If the flesh of the face or neck is flabby add one-half ounce of alum. It is efficacious in giving firmness.

A remarkable wash for bringing the blood to the face and keeping up the activity of the tissues is:

1 Tablespoonful of Tincture of Benzoine.
3 oz. of Rose Water.

It is death to wrinkles, and better than most remedies for removing tan and sunburn, if applied immediately upon coming indoors, or before any water touches the face.   By always bathing the face with it after being in the open air there will be no freckles, tan or sunburn to get rid of or to worry one. "An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure."

Too much water is bad for the skin and complexion.   It really ought not be used at all unless distilled or purified in some manner.

We are told from our cradles up if we would have lovely complexions to wash our faces in dew.   In addition to the early morning air, giving new life, the dew is fresh from heaven's own distillery, and nothing can be better.   It is said Patti never uses water on her face. Before retiring, or in dressing, her face is generously annointed with cold cream, and allowed to remain on as long as practicable, and then rubbed off thoroughly with soft flannel.   In this way she has defied "Time's cruel fingers," and at fortytwo looks not much over twentyfive.

When wrinkles are caused by the skin becoming loose or stretched by facial movements, some astringent is very good in removing them. Dr. Wooten gives the following in his book on "Toilet Medicine:"

1 drachm Alum.
1 ounce Glycerine.
1 pint Water.
          or
2 drachms Glycerine.
1 drachm Tannin.
1 drachm Rectified Spirit.
4 ounces Water.

Either of which should be used three times daily, until result is satisfactory.

Almond meal will rub off the blackest dirt, and its effect upon the skin is fine.   It is gritty enough to remove the dust and just oily enough to be of benefit to the skin when used dry.   I have seen several articles, recently, recommending its use when the skin is moist.

Being somewhat viscid when moist, it forms a paste, and is liable to fill up the pores and cause sallowness.

A very good powder is made from almond meal and precipitated English chalk in equal parts, using any perfume desirable.